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How have planners attempted to satisfy the increased housing needs of the population in different parts of a city?

Use the clips to prepare a single page revision sheet for this important topic. “Planners” is a general term for people who are responsible for designing and improving urban areas.

Consider the problem and the solution.

Clip 1: Inner city slum clearance after the war. Building pre-fabricated houses was an early plan, and widespread development of council estates followed.

Clip 2: 1960’s high rise redevelopment in Sheffield replaced terraced housing.

Clip 3 Affordable housing built by private developers and Housing Associations is replacing council housing.

Clip 4: BEDZED is an example of a sustainable living housing project.

Clip 5: ‘New’ ‘New Towns are an option for East Anglia where there is a particularly high demand for new housing.

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Changing Urban Environments Revision

Here’s a way to revise the topic. Download and cut out the dominoes. Shuffle them and try to reassemble the cards in under 2 minutes. 

Other ways to revise include downloading the topic checklist and making sure you revise what you don’t know. Consider adding tags to your blog posts and download and repost any resources from Juicy Geography’s Posterous that might help you with revision.

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Curitiba: an example of sustainable urban planning

Bus stop in Curitiba, Brazil. Fares are collected here to save time. 


Mario Roberto Duran Ortiz Mariordo

You’re welcome to copy this summary of the Curitiba case study for your own notes. Be aware that some local people feel that Curitiba has not been the success story that is widely advertised. Some say that traffic congestion is getting worse and that Curitiba has the highest murder rate of any Brazilian city. The former mayor of Curitiba, Jaime Lerner is considered an urban-planning visionary. See him speak at TED:

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Homework 7: Review the film "Garbage Dreams"


Now we’ve watched “Garbage Dreams” it’s time to write a review. As discussed in the lesson I’d like you to consider the following points:

Location: Mokottam (aka Garbage City), Cairo, Egypt What was the Garbage City like?

Characters: Who are the Zaballeen? Describe the main characters?

Plot: Outline the Zaballeen way of life. Show how it meets the three criteria of sustainability as shown on the diagram below. Explain how the garbage recycling trade is threatened.


 Summary: Describe your overall impression of the film. What has it taught you about the issues of waste management in Cairo. Are there any lessons for the UK that need to be learned?

Film Trailer:

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Homework 6: A shanty town redevelopment: Dona Marta, Rio de Janeiro

Dona Marta (or Santa Marta) a favela in Rio de Janiero, Brazil (see in Google Maps) is a great example of a squatter settlement that has been redeveloped.

Dona Marta was featured in the Michael Jackson video They Don’t Care About Us in 1996.

Since the video was filmed there have been many changes to the favela. A new kind of policing has “pacified” the community, leading to a reduction in violence and drug-related crime. The UPP strategy is described in this Class Clip.

Once the neighbourhood was safer, it could be improved through the Programa Favela Barrio. This article describes the policing policy and the subsequent physical improvements to the favela.

This is an improved version of the resource we used in the lesson, adapted from this web page.


The improvments have made a big difference to the lives of the inhabitants. Dona Marta has recently hosted an international mountain bike race. Another video of the race is here. Local people are developing favela tourism. The favela is no longer officlally classed as a slum by the Rio authorities. 

Make sure that you can…

1) Describe the location of Dona / Santa Marta

2) Describe conditions in the favela before 1996

3) Describe some of the improvments that happened through the UPP police scheme and the Programa Favela Barrio – a self help / local authority scheme

4) Explain how these improvements have led to a better quality of life for the residents.